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7 Common cardiovascular diseases and typical symptoms

Coronary artery disease, myocardial anemia, aortic aneurysm, heart failure ... are common cardiovascular diseases, dangerous to health if not promptly treated.

7 Common cardiovascular diseases and typical symptoms

3/24/2020 12:15:34 PM

Cardiovascular disease is one of the diseases in the group of non-communicable diseases with the highest mortality rate in Vietnam. Knowing some of the symptoms of common cardiovascular diseases will be the basis for each person to recognize the disease earlier. Since then, timely examination and screening to limit the dangerous complications that can occur.

1. Coronary artery disease

Coronary heart disease is a disease caused by coronary blood vessels blocked by plaques. This condition deprives the heart muscle of oxygen and causes angina attacks. In particular, if the frequency of the pain increases, the intensity can lead to myocardial infarction and permanent damage to the heart.

Coronary artery disease has serious health consequences, but it can be prevented by: not eating too much salt, lots of fat, sweetness, exercise, and regular cardiovascular screening.

 

 

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Coronary artery disease often occurs in the elderly, overweight and obese 

Typical symptoms:

  • Chest tightness, difficulty breathing.

  • The occurrence of angina on the left side when emotional, exertion. The pain usually comes in the morning.

  • Headache, dizziness.

2. Peripheral artery disease

The peripheral artery is a system of small and medium arteries that carry blood from the heart to feed parts of the body. Peripheral artery disease is caused by plaque build-up in the arteries that carry blood to the brain, organs, and extremities. Over time, the gills harden, narrowing the arteries and restricting the flow of blood to the organs of the body.

The disease includes 2 forms: Buerger's disease - thrombophlebitis inflammation (occurring in young patients, smoking addiction) and atherosclerosis/inflammation/occlusion (usually occurs in patients with high blood pressure, disorder disorders of fat metabolism).

 

 

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If the peripheral artery disease is too severe it can lead to amputation 

Typical symptoms:

  • Intermittent pain: a painful, weak sensation in the leg.

  • The appearance of ulcers, necrosis in extremities.

  • ...

3. Myocardial anemia

Myocardial ischemia (ischemic heart disease) is a condition that occurs when blood flow to the heart is decreased. At this point, the heart will not receive the oxygen needed to contract blood to feed the body. The disease reduces the heart's ability to pump, damages the heart, cardiac arrhythmias, and myocardial infarction.

 

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In the long term, myocardial ischemia can cause heart attack and stroke 

Typical symptoms:

  • Appearance of pain in the chest area.

  • Fast heart beat.

  • Difficulty breathing with movement

  • ...

4. Low posterior heart valve disease

An autoimmune inflammatory disease, common in wet, tropical monsoon climates such as Vietnam. The disease is caused by infection with Streptococus beta Hemolytique bacteria. If not detected and treated early, the rheumatic valve can lead to open heart valve stenosis, joint tissue damage.

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Rheumatic heart valves often occur in young women, following strep throat without prompt treatment. 

Typical symptoms:

  • Tired.

  • Shortness of breath.

  • ...

5. Myocarditis

It is a cardiovascular disease that can occur in healthy people who have never had heart disease. Myocarditis has a high rate of sudden death if it is not detected and treated promptly. According to doctors, the cause is caused by viruses (especially Coxacki virus), chemicals or an increase in thyroid hormones.

 

 

 

 

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Myocarditis causes inflammation and necrosis of myocardial cells 

Typical symptoms:

  • In the early stages, the disease usually has no signs and symptoms.

  • Symptoms may include shortness of breath, chest pain, swelling in the legs, high blood pressure, and dizziness when it progresses.

6. Heart failure

Heart failure is a weakened heart condition, unable to perform the function of effectively pumping blood to feed the body. The disease has 4 levels, including latent heart failure, mild heart failure, moderate heart failure, severe heart failure. It should be noted that heart failure can be treated but cannot be completely cured because the cause is an abnormality in the heart's structure or function.

 

 

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The severity of heart failure depends on the cause of the disease and the underlying medical condition 

Typical symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath.

  • Fatigue, dizziness, exhaustion.

  • Abnormally fast heart rate.

  • ...

7. Heart rhythm disturbances

Arrhythmia is the cause of 80% of sudden death without close monitoring and early treatment. Moreover, this is one of the dangerous cardiovascular diseases, causing chest pain and difficulty breathing.

 

 

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Cardiac arrhythmias cause the heart to beat too fast (frequency> 100 beats / min) or too slow (frequency <60 beats / min) 

Typical symptoms:

  • His heart was beating abnormally fast / slow.

  • Dizziness and dizziness.

  • Feeling nervous, anxious.

  • A feeling of pressure in the chest.

  • ...

Besides the 7 dangerous cardiovascular diseases above, you also need to note some other dangerous cardiovascular diseases such as: heart valve disease, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident (stroke), congenital heart disease, dissociated aortic aneurysm.

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the world. Therefore, each person should proactively prevent disease by building a healthy lifestyle, eating a reasonable diet and should periodically check the heart, especially those at high risk of disease.

Introducing the cardiology department of CarePlus International Clinic system

Cardiology Department of CarePlus International Clinic system is a reputable cardiology examination and screening address in Ho Chi Minh City that you should not ignore. With outstanding advantages including: correctly diagnosing the disease and limiting the use of drugs, the team of doctors here also gives careful consultation to customers to understand the disease and actively participate in the treatment. In particular, in case of emergency hospitalization, we can advise and contact major hospitals such as People's Hospital 115, Heart Institute of Ho Chi Minh City, University of Medicine and Pharmacy HCMC, Pediatric Hospital Copper… for the most convenient inpatient treatment. 

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CarePlus system with a friendly and modern environment and a team of leading doctors will bring maximum peace of mind to all customers. 

CarePlus owns a series of new generation equipment for early cardiovascular screening, such as Holter ECG Bittium Faros, Exercise Electrocardiogram, Color Doppler Echocardiogram and many other modern devices. Thanks to that, it brings maximum comfort to customers as well as highly accurate results.

 

List of cardiac screening packages at CarePlus:

> Holter ECG Service

  • Holter ECG 24h (1 day)

  • Holter ECG 72 hours (3 days)

  • Holter ECG 7 days

> Standard Cardiovascular Screening

> Heart Rate Disorders Screening

> Intensive Cardiovascular Screening

To make an appointment and learn more about cardiac screening packages at CarePlus, please contact Hotline: 1800 6116 for advice.

 

 

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