The symptoms of gynecologic diseases

The gynecological disease is actually a common name for many diseases related to the female genitals. Common signs of gynecological diseases such as itching in the genital area, blue discharge and foul odor, unusual vaginal bleeding. However, most women are quite subjective, often delayed in medical examination, leading to Serious effects on reproductive health and direct life-threatening.

 The symptoms of gynecologic diseases

1. Common signs of gynecological disease

Signal Common gynecological díease Gynecological Cancer

Abnormal vaginal bleeding:

- Bleeding even not to the menstrual cycle.

- Bleeding between menstruation, after sex, or after menopause.

- The amount of blood is too much or much less than the previous cycle.

- STDs (sexually transmitted diseases).

- Infection of the cervix or uterine lining.

- Fibroids or cervical polyps, lumen polyps.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).


Common in all types of gynecological cancer (except vulvar cancer).

Feeling of gas, nausea, stomach pain or back pain, fatigue, increased body temperature. - Common manifestations in the menstrual period. Ovarian Cancer.
Frequent back pain, lower abdominal pain or pelvic pressure, constant urination.

- Endometrial cancer.

- Endometrial optimism.

- Fibroids.

- Ovarian Cancer.

- Cancer of the uterus.


- Urinate a lot.

- Constipation frequently.

- Acute diarrhea.


- Endometrial cancer.

- Endometrial optimism.

- Fibroids.

- Prolapse.

- Urinary tract infections.

- Ovarian Cancer.

- Vaginal cancer.

- The vulva itching, burning, or pain.

- Vulvar pain accompanied by a rash, sores, and warts.

- Pain during sex.


- Vulvodynia.

- STDs (sexually transmitted diseases).

- Vulvar cancer.

- Increased vaginal discharge.

- Vaginal discharge has an unusual odor.

- Bloody mucus secretion.

- Vaginal infections.

- Vaginitis caused by fungus.

- Chlamydia or STDs.

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

- Trichomonas.

- Cervical cancer.

- Endometrial cancer

- Pain after sex - Vaginitis, cervicitis. - Cervical cancer

- Irregular menstruation.

- Frequent low back pain.

- Fibroids.  

2. The most common signs of gynecological inflammation

According to statistics, up to 80% of Vietnamese women have gynecological infections in the reproductive age. In which vaginitis is the most common disease, occurring in both people who have and have not had sex. Vaginitis is an inflamed vagina that often results in unusual discharge, itching, or burning pain. The main reason comes from bad habits that repeat in everyday life such as improper cleaning of the genitals or using unhygienic water to bathe, stay up late, hold urine, and abuse birth control pills, pressure and stress. Vaginitis has many types, if the confusion between symptoms can be treated indefinitely and cause many complications.

Types of vaginitis


Infected through sexual intercourse

Bacterial vaginosis (anaerobic bacteria overgrowth compared to good bacteria, imbalance of bacteria colonization in the vagina).

- Damaged gas white or gray, thin, with a fishy odor.

- Signs get worse after sex.


Fungal vaginitis (mainly caused by fungi of the Candida family that may be present in the vagina, up to 75% of women have had it at least once in their life and 45% of them have reinfected it).

- A thick, odorless or odorless discharge.

- Itching in the genital area.

- Some people experience pain after urination, pain during or after sex.


Vaginitis caused by whip (Trichomonas vaginalis living in the genitals).

- Damaged gas yellow or green, with a bad smell.

- Itchy and painful vaginal canal and vulva.

- Severe pain when urinating.

- Discomfort in the lower abdomen.

- Pain after sex.

However, there are also many women who have no symptoms.


Vaginitis caused by Chlamydia (an infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis).

Most of them did not have any abnormalities.

A small number of people have:

- Unusual damaged gas, strange odor.

- Painful urination, pus, repeated urination.


Signs of gynecological inflammation: an inflamed vulva, reddened vaginal mucosa, abundant fluid, and white plaque covering like whey.

Các dấu hiệu bệnh phụ khoa không thể bỏ qua

Regardless of the type of vaginitis, they always feel uncomfortable and stressful

This disease also affects the couple's activities, especially reducing the ability to conceive, adversely affecting reproductive health.

3. The most common gynecological cancer

Cervical cancer is cancer that women often encounter, ranking second in the world (after breast cancer). The disease is common in middle-aged women aged 35-40. However, in recent years, the disease outbreak rate tends to be rejuvenated. Most cases are caused by infection with the HPV virus (a type of human papillomavirus, which is sexually transmitted). In the early stages, the disease usually has no or few specific symptoms. Signs of the disease appear only when malignant cells develop: pain in the lower abdomen and pelvic cavity, vaginal bleeding or foul-smelling discharge.

Because cervical cancer affects the uterus greatly, during treatment, for some reason, the patient must have the uterus removed to preserve their life. This unintentionally deprives the woman of the right to motherhood. In addition, the patient can also die from neck cancer that has metastasized, invading other organs in the body causing: bronchial obstruction, respiratory failure, tumors compressing the stomach, intestinal obstruction. Although dangerous, this cancer is easily preventable. Women need to have regular gynecological examinations, perform screening tests or vaccinate against cervical cancer to reduce the incidence of disease.

Các dấu hiệu bệnh phụ khoa không thể bỏ qua

Vaccination helps reduce the risk of cervical cancer in the future

4. What to do when gynecological disease signs appear?

When detecting any unusual signs, you should immediately go to a reputable gynecological examination for consultation and examination by necessary tests (vaginal fluid, urine, blood, neck cells uterus). You should pay attention to cleaning the genital area regularly and properly. Do not douche deep in the vagina, do not arbitrarily use soaps with high pH. At the same time, choose comfortable underwear, avoid wearing underwear that is too tight and damp.

In addition, women should have regular gynecological examinations every 6 months or at least once a year, in order to:

  • Helps detect disease at an early stage for timely treatment.

  • Proper care, maintain fertility and protect health.

In Ho Chi Minh City, many people have chosen the CarePlus international clinic as a reliable place to visit. The Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist provides accurate diagnosis, effective treatment of gynecological and obstetric diseases, family planning counseling and cancer screening.

Các dấu hiệu bệnh phụ khoa không thể bỏ qua

At CarePlus, you are completely assured of the medical team and the quality of service

When there are unusual gynecological signs or need periodic gynecological examination, women can contact the free Hotline 1800 6116 to make an appointment right at the prestigious system of CarePlus clinics.

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