Whenever parents suspect their child's pneumonia symptoms listed below, take the child to see a doctor. Usually, pneumonia will be diagnosed through a clinical examination and lung auscultation. In unclear cases, blood tests and chest X-rays may be needed to make the diagnosis.
What is pneumonia?
Pneumonia is an inflammation of one or both lungs caused by a virus or bacteria.
When inflammation occurs, it will destroy the respiratory mucosa, increase mucus secretion, and swell small air ducts and alveoli in the lungs, causing congestion and reduced ventilation, leading to decreased blood oxygen. severe case
Signs of pneumonia
Depending on age and the cause of pneumonia, however, children will often have one of the following signs:
Cough a lot
Rapid breathing, difficulty breathing, convulsive breathing, or chest indentation: common in young children
Older children: fast breathing chest pain may occur when coughing
Non-respiratory symptoms: fatigue, abdominal pain, diarrhea, irritability, fussiness, loss of feeding...
When your child has the above signs, you need to take your child to the doctor immediately. Usually, pneumonia will be diagnosed through a clinical examination and lung auscultation. In unclear cases, blood tests and chest X-rays may be needed to make the diagnosis.
Caring for children with pneumonia at home
How to treat pneumonia?
Bacterial pneumonia: requires antibiotic treatment, average treatment time is 7-10 days, pneumonia symptoms usually improve after 48 hours of taking medication. Severe cases or poor response to oral antibiotics require hospitalization for injectable antibiotics or oxygen support.
After a full day of antibiotic treatment and the infection is gone, many children will still have a slight cough, gradually decreasing 2 to 3 weeks later. So parents should not worry if their child still coughs a few weeks after pneumonia.
Pneumonia caused by viruses: usually milder than bacteria, however, clinically it is difficult to clearly distinguish between viruses and bacteria, especially in cases of accompanying bacterial infection. Recovery from viral pneumonia is often slower and in many cases symptoms last up to 4 weeks to improve
How do we prevent pneumonia?