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Stages of stomach ulcers

Gastric ulcers are divided into two stages: acute and chronic ulcers.

Stages of stomach ulcers
Dr. Ho Thi Van Hang Head of Internal Medicine Department

8/10/2022 2:00:18 PM

1. Acute peptic ulcer disease

Characteristic signs of acute peptic ulcer disease are symptoms that often appear suddenly, manifest clearly and progress in a short time. At this stage, if detected and treated properly, the disease can be completely cured. However, most patients often ignore the symptoms, subjectively do not go to the doctor, making the disease more complicated.

2. Chronic gastritis

Acute peptic ulcer disease, when left untreated, will cause inflammation and swelling for a long time, and after a while, it may turn into a chronic form. In the chronic stage, the lesions spread, the disease is more difficult to treat, and can even lead to dangerous complications such as atrophic inflammation, intestinal metaplasia, pyloric stenosis, hemorrhage, perforation, and gastric cancer. , infection of nearby organs ...

Causes of stomach ulcers

Stomach ulcers can be caused by many different things. Of these, the two most common causes are:

1. Helicobacter infection. pylori (HP bacteria)

H.pylori infection is the leading cause of stomach ulcers. After entering the stomach, this bacteria will get into the mucous layer of the gastric mucosa, secreting toxins that damage the gastric mucosa, inhibit the production of protective factors of the stomach lining, forming scars. ulcer.

2. Long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

The long-term use of NSAID drugs such as ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, etc. will cause stomach damage. These drugs inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins, reducing the protective effect of the gastric mucosa, making the stomach susceptible to ulcers.

Besides the above two causes, the disease can also be caused by less common causes, including:

  •     Increased acid secretion in the stomach: This can happen for a variety of reasons, including genetic factors, smoking, stress, or the consumption of certain foods.
  •     Zollinger-Ellison syndrome: This is a rare condition that causes excess acid in the stomach.

Peptic ulcer is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases. If detected early, the disease can be easily cured, avoiding the condition that the disease will progress seriously and can lead to complications.

Therefore, it is very necessary to actively examine and treat diseases, build a healthy lifestyle and a scientific diet. Book an appointment with a CarePlus doctor to receive accurate advice, information, and timely treatment when experiencing unusual symptoms.

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