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Cardiovascular complications in people with diabetes

Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of death in diabetes, responsible for two-thirds of all deaths in people with type 2 diabetes. And most of all, people with diabetes. have twice the risk of heart disease or stroke than healthy people.

Cardiovascular complications in people with diabetes

What are those complications? Let's find out together!

1. Atherosclerosis

When you are in good health, the blood vessels do not narrow and allow blood to be pumped from the heart to all parts of the body to provide oxygen and nutrients to the body.

Things start to get worse when the blood doesn't circulate well. In atherosclerosis, the blood vessels harden and become narrow due to the accumulation of fatty plaque. The narrowed blood vessels prevent the heart from getting enough oxygen, causing coronary artery disease.

Not only does it affect the heart, but it can also cause problems in any blood vessel in the body. Atherosclerosis in the vessels in the legs can cause peripheral artery disease, and if it is in the brain, it is a stroke.

The danger elements:

  • Diabetes
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Increases bad cholesterol (LDL)
  • Lowers Good Cholesterol (HDL)
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Smoke
  • Overweight or obese

2. Heart failure

This form of cardiovascular disease occurs when the heart contracts too weakly, unable to supply enough blood to all organs in the body.

The danger elements:

  • Diabetes
  • Coronary artery disease
  • High Blood Pressure

3. Arrhythmia

 

An irregular heartbeat occurs when a structural change or injury to the heart disrupts the electrical currents in the heart that help control the heart to beat usually. In the worst cases, arrhythmias can cause sudden death from cardiac arrest.

SYMPTOMS OF VARIOUS DISEASES YOU NEED TO NOTE:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Tired
  • Chest pain: Chest pain can also spread to the lower jaw, back, legs, throat, abdomen above the navel, arms.
  • Weakness or numbness in the arms or legs

WHEN NEED TO CALL A DOCTOR?

If you see any of the symptoms below, go to the emergency room right away!

 

1. Myocardial Infarction

  • Chest pain or discomfort, tightness, heaviness
  • Stomach bloating — this can feel like indigestion or heartburn.
  • Discomfort in one or both arms, back, jaw, neck, or upper abdomen
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating
  • Indigestion, nausea, or vomiting
  • Fatigue, fainting, or lightheadedness

2. Heart failure:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Weak tired
  • Nausea
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Coughing up pink mucus, coughing up blood
  • Tired
  • Swollen feet and ankles (due to fluid retention)

However, you can reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease and its complications through reasonable blood sugar control, a healthy diet, and exercise.

ALWAYS CARE OF HEART HEALTH ONLY

 

The best way to maintain heart health is to control diabetes. Try to keep your blood sugar within the range for as long and as often as you can. Diet, exercise, insulin injections or prescribed oral medications, doctor visits, and consultation with medical professionals, family, and friends will all help you get there.

HEALTHY LIFE, HEALTHY HEART

1. Exercise — The optimal amount of time you should spend exercising each week is 150 minutes. You can split the week's time according to your ability and make sure to do the exercises you love! The best type of exercise is one that you're interested in, delve into, and enjoy.

2. Limit sitting for long — Limit sitting and go hand in hand. Get up and walk every 30 minutes.

3. Good weight control — If you're already at a weight that's right for your age and height, you're good to go! However, if needed, losing even 3-4kg makes a big difference.

4. Take medication — Taking medication as directed by your doctor is one of the best ways to protect against cardiovascular disease. If you're forgetful, try setting the alarm or using a pillbox.

5. Eat in moderation — Adopt a healthy diet for people with diabetes.

6. Stress management — Mental health is essential to your mental and physical health if you live with diabetes. Hormones released during stress can lead to high blood pressure and difficulty in controlling diabetes.

7. Get enough sleep — Getting six to eight hours of restful sleep a day helps reduce stress hormones and puts you in the best mood to tackle work.

8. Follow-up and consultation with your doctor — Stay in touch with your doctor to get medical professionals the best possible care and advice.

9. Remember your numbers — Use a diary or chart to track your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol readings.

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